From Work to Play
Here, we'll set the scene for the Golden Age of Sail.
From 1850 through the beginning of the 20th century, domestic and international trade was dominated by sailing vessels. With no fuel costs, and no engines or fuel taking up valuable cargo space, sailing ships had the flexibility to ply most any port and had no concern for fuel availability on arrival. #IdowhatIwant
We, and all of Maine's Windjammers still have a glint of that swashbuckler attitude on our cruises; by wind and whim we set sail for Secret Maine.
Many of you are fans of VICTORY CHIMES and so know some of her story. We're going to take a step back and then dig deeper to tell you all kinds of found facts, and show many contributed treasures.
We've credited kind givings as best we can and we encourage others to keep this project fresh and living, just like the ship herself. To drop us a line, click the anchor below to tell us what pictures or stories you'd like to share with everyone!
Career of EDWIN AND MAUD as a Maine Windjammer
Edwin And Maud was purchased in 1954 by a syndicate, Maine Schooner Cruises, of Belfast, of which Captain Frederick Boyd Guild of Castine was a member. Summer "windjamming" on the Maine coast began in the 1930s when Frank Swift of Bucksport observed the rapidly vanishing sailing coasting trade and conceived the idea of carrying passengers for hire during the summer months.
It was a concept similar to the "dude ranch" concept in the American west and was the first time "the concept of operating, adaptive use of a historic vessel was applied to maritime preservation."48
It was a concept similar to the "dude ranch" concept in the American west
By the time Swift began his operations with the 1881 schooner Annie F. Kimball, sail on the Maine coast had "all but lost its commercial viability,"49 but by 1939 Swift had a waiting list for his fleet of three schooners and by 1948 had nine vessels operating out of Camden. 50 In the late thirties he advertised one or two week cruises:
These schooners are not yachts just picturesque down-east sailing vessels, clipper-bowed and able, with billowing sails and hempen rigging. Each Monday, from July 4th until September 10th, the Annie Kimball and the Lydia Webster will sail from Camden, Maine for a week's cruise not to follow an exact itinerary but to use the winds and tides to make the cruise most interesting. 51
There are now some eighteen schooners operating in Maine waters during the summer months. Seven of these have been designated National Historic Landmarks, and like Victory Chimes and a few other historic vessels, are an"adaptive re-use"of a vessel. Some, like the schooner Heritage, built in Rockland in 1983, are a modern version of a traditional type, carrying "the only cargo that loads and unloads itself."52
Part-owner Captain Frederick Guild skippered Edwin And Maud, now re-named Victory Chimes, in the summers of 1954 and 1955. In the spring of 1959 he purchased her "on his own."53 Assisted by his wife, Janet, and a crew of nine he operated her until 1984 and then sold her to a Duluth, Minnesota banker in 1985. At that time she traveled to the Great Lakes.
Thomas Monaghan of Domino's Pizza next purchased her, renamed her Domino Effect
Thomas Monaghan of Domino's Pizza next purchased her, renamed her Domino Effect and offered cruises aboard her as incentives toDomino's employees. "But while many people in Maine remember Domino's Pizza only for having changed the vessel's name, Domino's should be remembered for having saved the vessel's life," wrote Virginia Thorndike in her book on Maine windjammers.54 As has been mentioned, the schooner received an extensive and much-needed refit in 1988.
Domino Effect returned to Maine in the fall of 1989, and in the spring of 1990 she was purchased by Captains Kip Files and Paul DeGaeta, who renamed her Victory Chimes. In 1991, "the State of Maine honored the Victory Chimes with the special Joint Resolution H.P. 1369 recognizing her as one of the premier vessels in the American Windjammer Fleet. She is the only Maine windjammer to receive this distinction."55 When cruising during Maine summers she carries up to forty passengers and a crew of nine.
The Victory Chimes is no Greyhound, but Captain Files says she is a relatively easy boat to sail.... She makes a lot of leeway going to weather. But in general, she is surprisingly handy . . . She likes a good breeze- 18 or 20 knots is ideal and her size and heft make her an impressive lady underway.56
At the time of this writing, Victory Chimes is the largest historic vessel still sailing in the United States. She owes her survival to hard working owners and crews over her full career as a working vessel. They have kept the schooner alive by keeping her in working condition; replacement in kind has been practiced as a matter of course throughout her working life. For the last fifty years history-minded passengers have also shared the experience of sailing on board one of the last great American windjammers.